Intro: Peace Corps and Paraguay

Paraguay is in South America - Wikimedia Commons

Paraguay is in South America – Wikimedia Commons

I leave the USA to start my Peace Corps service in Paraguay in 3 days. I’m excited and starting to get butterflies in my stomach.

Before I’m in the thick of things, I wanted to share answers to common questions people have asked about the Peace Corps and Paraguay as I’ve been saying my goodbyes.

About the Peace Corps

By joining the Peace Corps I’ve committed to 27 months of service in Paraguay as a community health volunteer.

During the first 3 months, I will live with a host family in Asunción, the capital of Paraguay, and attend training most days during that period. The training will cover language, culture, and project-related information (in my case health).

About 8 weeks into training, I’ll find out where in Paraguay I’ll be serving my 2 years (my site). I won’t know exactly what I’ll be doing until I arrive at my site because I’ll work with my site community to determine with which project(s) they would like to me help.

About Paraguay

Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America. Paraguay is:

  • About the size of California.
  • Bordered by Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil.
  • Divided by the Paraguay River—97% of the populations lives in the east half of the country.
  • Subtropical to temperate with grassy plains and wooded hills in the east and marshy plains and dry thorny shrubs in the west.
  • Pretty dang hot in the summer and mostly above freezing in the winter.

Paraguay has a population of 6,623,252 (July 2013 est.). Paraguayans are:

  • Mostly bilingual. The two languages widely spoken in Paraguay are Spanish and Guaraní.
  • Mostly mestizo.
  • Mostly Roman Catholic.
Paraguay - Wikimedia Commons

Paraguay – Wikimedia Commons

Paraguay is a constitutional republic. The current president is Horacio Cartes. He took office in 2013 and the next presidential election is in 2018. Some key historical events include:

  • 1525: Alejo García, a Portuguese explorer, discovered the region.
  • 1537: Explorer Juan de Salazar y Espinoza established a fort on the Paraguay River, founding Asunción.
  • 1607-1768: Jesuit missions operated and helped protect the indigenous people, the Guaraní, from Spanish brutality.
  • 1811: Independence from Spain.
  • 1864-1870: War of the Triple Alliance. Paraguay fought against Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina and lost upwards of 60% of its population.
  • 1932-1935: The War of the Chaco. Paraguay fought against Bolivia.
  • 1954-1989: Dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner.
  • 1989: Coup ending Stroessner’s rule and beginning a period of Colorado party presidents.
  • 2008: Fernando Lugo was elected president whereby ending the Colorado party’s 60-year rule.

Some facts I find interesting about Paraguay:

  • There are 799 airports in Paraguay, 15 of them are paved.
  • Paraguay’s national symbol is the lion.
  • Paraguayans drink a lot of tereré, which is a kind of iced tea drank from a communal cup.
  • The polka (different from the European polka) is one type of popular music in Paraguay.
  • Some of the animals that live in Paraguay are the jaguar, maned wolf, giant anteater, armadillo, caiman, toucan, and macaw.